- Category: Judge Somers
- Published: 09 January 2009
- Written by Judge Somers
In Re Miller, 07-22927 (Bankr. D. Kan. Dec. 31, 2008) Doc. # 77
Case: 07-22927 Doc #: 77 Filed: 12/31/2008
SIGNED this 31 day of December, 2008.
Page 1 of 6
Dale L. Somers
UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY JUDGE
DESIGNATED FOR ON-LINE; NOT DESIGNATED FOR PRINT PUBLICATION
IN THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
JULIE SUE MILLER and CASE NO. 07-22927
CRAIG DAVID MILLER, CHAPTER 13
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
SUSTAINING TRUSTEE'S OBJECTION TO CONFIRMATION ON ISSUE OF
DEBT EXPENSE WHEN COLLATERAL IS SURRENDERED POSTPETITION
The matter under advisement is the Chapter 13 Trustee's objection to confirmation of
Debtors' Chapter 13 plan based upon the assertion that the computation of projected disposable
income may not include secured debt expense listed on Form B22C when the plan provides for
surrender of the collateral securing that debt. The Chapter 13 Trustee, W. H. Griffin (hereafter
Case: 07-22927 Doc #: 77 Filed: 12/31/2008 Page 2 of 6
Trustee), appears pro se Debtors, Julie Sue Miller and Craig David Miller (hereafter Debtors),
appear by Jonathan C. Becker. There are no other appearances. The Court has jurisdiction.1
FINDINGS OF FACT.
The findings of fact are based upon a joint stipulation of facts2 and the pleadings.
Prepetition Debtors were the sole stockholders, officers, and directors of Miller Time, Inc., a
subchapter S corporation formed on or about March 8, 2004. In 2004, Miller Time obtained a
SBA loan through Douglas County Bank. The loan was secured by the assets of Miller Time.
The Debtors signed the bank note in their individual capacities, as well as on behalf of Miller
Time. Miller Time was dissolved on December 14, 2008.
Debtors filed for relief under Chapter 13 on December 27, 2007. On Schedule D,
Creditors Holding Secured Claims, Douglas County Bank is shown having a claim of $150,000
secured by remaining assets of Miller Time having a value of $25,000, leaving $125,000 as the
unsecured portion. Form 22C shows that Debtors have above median income. On Form 22C
debtors deducted at Subpart C, line 47a, $2,246.34 as the monthly payment on the secured debt
owed to Douglas County Bank. However, in their proposed Chapter 13 plan, Douglas County
Bank is not included in the list of secured creditors, and the plan provides that the remaining
personal property of Miller Time will be surrendered to Douglas Country Bank. According to
1 This Court has jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 157(a) and §§ 1334(a) and (b) and the Standing
Order of the United States District Court for the District of Kansas that exercised authority conferred by §
157(a) to refer to the District’s Bankruptcy judges all matters under the Bankruptcy Code and all proceedings
arising under the Code or arising in or related to a case under the Code, effective July 10, 1984. Matters
relating to confirmation of plans are core proceedings which this Court may hear and determine as provided
in 28 U.S.C.§ 157(b)(2)(L).
2 Doc. 59.
Case: 07-22927 Doc #: 77 Filed: 12/31/2008 Page 3 of 6
the stipulation, "The bank has executed set off on its loan as to the business assets of Miller
Time, Inc. and after post-petition set off, there remains an general unsecured balance due and
owing of $86,788.03."3
The Chapter 13 Trustee objected to confirmation of Debtors' proposed plan as follows:
PER THE TRUSTEE'S MEANS TEST VERIFICATION,
DEBTORS HAVE EXCESS DISPOSABLE INCOME OF
$19,363.80 OVER THE LIFE OF THE PLAN THAT SHOULD
BE AVAILABLE FOR PAYMENT TO GU CREDITORS. PLAN
PAYMENT WOULD NEED TO INCREASE FROM THE
PROPOSED $708.71/MO TO $1,007/MO TO COMPLETE IN 60
MONTHS. DEBTORS MEANS TEST RESULTED IN
NEGATIVE POOL BECAUSE DEBT PAYMENT
DEDUCTIONS WERE TAKEN FOR SURRENDERED
POSITIONS OF THE PARTIES .
At a status conference, the Court set deadlines for the filing of stipulated facts and briefs.
The stipulated facts were filed, but they are limited to the obligation to Douglas County Bank.
Debtors filed a short brief, asserting that the amount reasonably necessary to be expended, for
purposes of § 1325(b)(3), are to be determined under §§ 707(b)(2)(A) and (B) as of the date of
filing, or, alternatively, if Form B22C5 is the starting point under the rule of In re Lanning,6
3 Doc. 59.
4 Doc. 34.
5 The Form 22C filed by Debtors was formerly denoted as Form B22C and is referred to by this name
in the cases relied upon in this memorandum. For convenience, the Court uses the former name in its
6 In re Lanning, 380 B.R. 17 (10th Cir. BAP 2007). The panel’s decision in Lanning was affirmed
after this case was taken under advisement. Hamilton v. Lanning (In re Lanning), 545 F.3d 1269 (10th Cir.
Case: 07-22927 Doc #: 77 Filed: 12/31/2008 Page 4 of 6
Debtors reserve the right to present evidence addressing projected disposable income. The
Trustee filed no brief.
ISSUE PRESENTED AND ANALYSIS.
Based upon the stipulated facts and the Debtors' brief, which address only the Douglas
County Bank debt, as well as the failure of the Trustee to file a brief in support of any objection
other than that addressed by Debtors, the Court understands that the only issue under advisement
is whether, for purposes of the best efforts test when the Trustee objects to confirmation under §
1325(b)(1)(B), a debtor may include in the expense portion of the calculation of projected
disposable income, payment to a secured creditor included on Form B22C when the plan
proposes to surrender the collateral to the creditor and treat the deficiency as an unsecured claim.
Section 1325(b)(1)(B) provides that when the Trustee or an unsecured creditor objects to
confirmation of a plan which proposes to make less than payment in full of such claim, the plan
may not be confirmed unless it provides that all of the debtor’s “projected disposable income” to
be received during the term of the plan will be applied to make payments to unsecured creditors.
This Court in In re Melvin,7 thoroughly examined the calculation of “projected disposable
income” for purposes of a § 1325(b)(1) objection to confirmation. It concluded that the opinion
of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals in Lanning, that holds for above median income debtors
Form B22C is only the starting point in the calculation of projected disposable income, is
applicable to both income and expense components of the calculation. Accordingly, when there
is an objection to confirmation under §1325(b)(1), a substantial change in circumstances,
7 In re Melvin, Memorandum Opinion (Bankr. D. Kan, no. 7-22352, filed December 22, 2008).
Case: 07-22927 Doc #: 77 Filed: 12/31/2008 Page 5 of 6
properly documented, may justify deviation from the expenses used in the Form B22C
calculation of monthly disposable income.
The Court finds that surrender of all of the collateral securing a debt, the payments for
which were included on Form B22C in the category of “Future payments on secured claims,” is a
substantial change in circumstances which justifies removing this expense from the calculation
of “projected disposable income.” In re Edmunds,8 reached a similar conclusion. It held that
“Debtors may only take a deduction [from income for secured debt expense] to the extent
Debtors are treating those creditors as secured creditors scheduled for payment by Debtors in
their chapter 13 plans.”9 This Court agrees.
Chief Judge Nugent, in Hoss10 decided a similar issue.11 The Chapter 13 trustee objected
to confirmation of debtors’ Chapter 13 plans because they proposed to deduct on Form B22C,
(which, without objection, the court used to determine “projected disposable income”) as
expenses the secured debt payments under the respective prepetition contracts, even though the
plans projected to cram-down or stip off liens, thereby reducing the amount of secured debt to be
paid under the plans. The court held that “above median income chapter 13 debtors who intend
to retain collateral may only deduct as § 707(b)(2)(A)(iii) secured debt payment on Line 47 of
8 In re Edmunds, 350 B.R. 636 (Bankr. D.S.C. 2006).
9 Id., 350 B.R. at 645.
10 In re Hoss, No. 08-10365 and In re Arroyo, No. 07-12779 (Bankr. D. Kan. Aug. 20, 2008).
11 Comparison of Hoss with this case and with this Court’s opinion in Melvin presents the question
of the extent to which changes in the debtor’s circumstance after the filing should be reflected in Form B22C,
as opposed to the calculation of “projected disposable income,” using Form B22C as a staring point and
evaluating the parties’ evidence of special circumstances supporting a deviation from Form B22C. The
answer to this question will await resolution on a future date.
Case: 07-22927 Doc #: 77 Filed: 12/31/2008 Page 6 of 6
Form B22C the amounts the secured creditors will be paid under the plan as opposed to what the
secured creditors’ original contracts provided.”12 The projected plan payments on account of
secured debt, not the prepetition contractual amount, determined the expenses that could be
deducted when determining compliance with the best efforts test of § 1325(b)(1)(B).
The Trustee’s objection to Debtors’ plan based upon Form B22C’s inclusion of payment
on the Douglas County Bank secured claim as an item of expense when calculating projected
disposable income is sustained. Debtors may file an amended plan reflecting resolution of the
issue addressed and will have the opportunity to show substantial change in circumstances in
support of departing from Form B22C for the purposes of calculating projected disposable
income. The Court is not certain whether the Trustee has asserted additional objections to
confirmation, and therefor will deny any additional objections that may have been asserted
The foregoing constitute Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law under Rules 7052 and
9014(c) of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure which make Rule 52(a) of the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure applicable to this matter.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
12 In re Hoss, No. 08-10365 and In re Arroyo, No. 07-12779, slip op. at 17-18. (Bankr. D. Kan. Aug.