- Category: Judge Somers
- Published: 30 April 2012
- Written by Judge Somers
SIGNED this 26th day of April, 2012.
Designated for on-line use but not print publication.
IN THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
DJ CHRISTIE, INC.,
CASE NO. 11-40764
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND JUDGMENT DENYING DEBTOR'S
MOTION FOR IMPOSITION OF A STAY UNDER 11 U.S.C. § 105
AGAINST ALAN E. MEYER AND JOHN R. PRATT
Debtor DJ Christie, Inc. moves for an order under 11 U.S.C. § 1051 to prohibit
Alan E. Meyer (“Meyer”) and John R. Pratt (“Pratt”) from obtaining possession of stock
shares of Debtor owned by David J. Christie (“Christie”) and collecting on the
1 Future references to Title 11 in the text shall be to the section only.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 1 of 12
supersedeas bond.2 Both of these actions which Debtor seeks to stay arise from Meyer
and Pratt's attempts to execute on a judgment of the United States District Court for the
District of Kansas, case no. 07-CV-2230-CM (the “Federal Court Litigation”), in which
Meyer and Pratt obtained a judgment against Debtor and two nondebtor individuals,
Christie and Alex W. Glenn (“Glenn”), in the amount of $7,170,603.00 plus $100
punitive damages and costs. The result of the requested relief would be to stay the
effectiveness of postjudgment orders in the Federal Court Litigation. Because the Court
finds that the conditions for issuance of a stay are not present, the Motion is denied.
The Motion is one move in an ongoing chess game between Debtor, Christie, and
Glenn (collectively the “Christie Interests”) and Dovetail Builders 2, L.L.C. (“Dovetail”),
Meyer, and Pratt (collectively the “Meyer Interests”). A general understanding of the
prior moves of the parties is necessary to fully understand the Motion, as well as other
related matters presently before the Court.3
The Federal Court Litigation
In 2005, the Christie Interests had conversations with the Meyer Interests about
development of a residential housing project in Junction City, Kansas. Disputes arose,
and in May 2007, the Meyer Interests sued the Christie Interests in federal court.
2 Dkt. 125 (referred to in this memorandum as Motion).
3 See Pratt’s Motion to Withdraw Reference (Adv. No. 11-07043, dkt. 61) and Washington’s
Motion for Relief From  Stay (Case No. 11-40764, dkt. 101).
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 2 of 12
Following ten days of trial and four hours of deliberations, the jury found for the Meyer
Interests. On May 22, 2009, a judgment was entered in favor of the Meyer Interests in the
amount of $14,696,345.00, plus post judgment interest at the rate of 0.5%, along with
The Christie Interests filed an appeal to the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. As a
condition for a stay pending the appeal, the district court required the Christie Interests to
post a supersedeas bond for $1.125 million (the “Bond”). Washington International
Insurance Company (“Washington”), as surety, issued the Bond on January 20, 2010.
David J. Christie, individually, is the principal, while Meyer, Pratt, and Dovetail are the
judgment creditors. According to Meyer and Pratt, the Bond was set in an amount
significantly less than the judgment because Christie and Glenn represented that they had
significant nonexempt illiquid assets to pay the judgment.
On April 25, 2011, the Tenth Circuit issued its mandate, affirming liability of the
Christie Interests to Meyer and Pratt, but reversing as to Dovetail. On July 15, 2011, after
Meyer and Pratt obtained relief from stay,5 the district court entered the judgment on the
remand issues and a final amended judgment in the amount of $7,170,603.00 plus $100
4 Meyer v. Christie, Case No. 07-2230, dkt. 297 (D. Kan. May 22, 2009) (Judgment).
5 DJ Christie, Inc. had filed this bankruptcy case on May 20, 2011. On July 15, 2011, Meyer
and Pratt were granted relief from stay for the limited purpose of allowing the district court to finally
determine matters pending following the remand from the Tenth Circuit. A request that relief
include allowing the district court to determine if the judgment is subject to being satisfied by offset
of the assigned Iowa Judgments was denied based upon fact that the bankruptcy case was in its
early stages and Debtor should be given an opportunity to negotiate with its creditors. Dkt. 68.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 3 of 12
punitive damages and costs in favor of Meyer and Pratt against the Christie Interests (the
Meyer and Pratt undertook proceedings to satisfy the Judgment against nondebtors
Christie and Glenn. The Clerk of the District Court entered an order granting Meyer’s
and Pratt’s motion for disbursement of the Bond proceeds, directing payment of the full
amount of the Bond to Meyer’s and Pratt’s attorneys within five days (the “Bond
Disbursement Order”). On October 13, 2011, the district court entered a writ of general
execution as to Glenn and Christie. The next day, Meyer and Pratt filed a notice in the
bankruptcy court that they intended to obtain the stock certificates issued by Debtor to
Christie (the “Stock”) to take control of Debtor. On November 3, 2011, attorneys for
Meyer and Pratt accompanied the United States Marshall to Christie’s home to seize the
Stock. Christie did not turnover the Stock. Meyer and Pratt filed a motion for contempt
in district court against Christie for failure to turnover the Stock and also against
Washington for failing to turnover the Bond proceeds.
The Iowa Judgments
Much of the controversy in this bankruptcy case, and the focus of the adversary
proceeding filed by Debtor,6 involves the Christie Interests’ acquisition of assignments of
judgments against Meyer and Pratt, which they propose to use to satisfy the Judgment by
offset. On April 29, 2011 and May 2, 4, and 18, 2011, the Christie Interests were
6 D.J. Christie, Inc. v. Meyer (In re D.J. Christie, Inc.), Adv. No. 11-07043.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 4 of 12
assigned judgments which had been entered against Meyer, Pratt, and others in Iowa on
June 3 and 21, 2010, July 7 and 20, 2010, August 17, 2010 and September 3, 2010 (the
“Iowa Judgments”). The total amount of the Iowa Judgments is alleged to exceed the
Judgment in favor of Meyer and Pratt against the Christie Interests. Some or all of the
Iowa Judgments were registered in Dickinson County, Kansas, and a portion of the Iowa
Judgments were registered in Jackson, County, Missouri.
On June 8, 2011, the Christie Interests filed garnishment actions in Jackson
County, Missouri and Pratt, Kansas, naming Washington, the bonding company, as
garnishee. On June 29 and August 5, 2011, garnishment orders issued from Jackson
County were served on Washington. On October 18, 2011, Washington filed a motion
for relief from stay to allow it to comply with its legal obligations as to the Bond as a
result of the federal Bond Disbursement Order and the state garnishment orders.7
Debtor’s Chapter 11 case
Debtor filed for relief under Chapter 11 on May 20, 2011. Debtor's schedules,
filed on June 17, 2011,8 show the following: (A) Real Property: approximately 1.47 acres
at the Intersection of I-70 and 57th Street, Kansas City, Kansas, valued at $40,000, not
subject to any liens; (B) Personal Property: approximately $2,400.00 cash, over $7.5
million in judgments against Meyer and Pratt, an interest in the Bond by virtue of
garnishments, potential malpractice claims against two law firms, and office furniture
7 Case No. 11-40764, Dkt. 101.
8 Id., Dkt. 42.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 5 of 12
valued at approximately $1,000; (D) Secured Claims: none; (E) Unsecured Priority
Claims: none; and (F) Unsecured Claims: approximately $930,000 loans to cover
operating expenses, $866,505 of which is owed to Christie and the remainder of which
Meyer and Pratt contend are also owed to insiders. Debtor’s monthly reports show no
ongoing business activity.
On July 29, 2011, Debtor filed an adversary proceeding against defendants Meyer,
Pratt, Washington, Glenn, and Christie (the “Adversary Proceeding”).9 The complaint
alleges three counts: (1) determination of the validity, extent, and priority of judgment
liens held by Meyer and Pratt on the estate’s real property; (2) determination of amounts
due between Debtor and Meyer and Pratt, based upon setoff of the Iowa Judgments,
including cancellation of the Bond because the setoff would satisfy the Judgment in full;
and (3) judgment against Meyer and Pratt for the excess of the assigned Iowa Judgments
over the amount owed under the Judgment against the Christie Interests. Glenn and
Christie filed a cross claim; and Meyer and Pratt filed a counterclaim/cross claim,
challenging the availability of offset and seeking declaratory judgments as to the rights to
the Bond and the Stock. On January 17, 2011, Pratt filed a motion to withdraw reference
of the Adversary Proceeding. The Court’s recommendation on that motion is filed
9 D.J. Christie, Inc. v. Meyer (In re D.J. Christie, Inc.), Adv. No. 11-07043.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 6 of 12
Both Meyer and Pratt filed proofs of claim. Debtor objected to these claims based
upon the contention that they are fully satisfied by offsetting the Iowa Judgments.
Debtor moves for an injunction under §105 against Meyer and Pratt to prohibit
them, until the conclusion of the Adversary Proceeding, from: (1) obtaining possession of
the Stock; and (2) obtaining the Bond funds. Meyer and Pratt oppose the Motion.
Section 105(a) states:
The court may issue any order, process, or judgment that is
necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this title.
No provision of this title providing for the raising of an issue by
a party in interest shall be construed to preclude the court from,
sua sponte, taking any action or making any determination
necessary or appropriate to enforce or implement court orders or
rules, or to prevent an abuse of process.
This section permits a court to fashion broad relief “to carry out the provisions of” the
Bankruptcy Code. The primary concern of a stay under § 105(a) is whether a stay is
necessary to protect administration of the bankruptcy estate.
The request for a stay under § 105(a) is essentially a request for injunctive relief,
which is discretionary.10 Four factors must be shown by the movant, who carries the
burden of proof: “(1) a substantial likelihood that [the movant] will eventually prevail on
the merits; (2) a showing that the movant will suffer irreparable injury unless the
injunction issues; (3) proof that the threatened injury to [the movant] outweighs whatever
10 CCDC Financial Corp. v. Craven (In re CCDC Financial Corp.), 143 B.R. 946, 949 (D.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 7 of 12
damage the proposed injunction may cause the other party; and (4) a showing that the
injunction, if issued, would not be adverse to the public interest.”11 Regarding the first
factor, probability of success on the merits, the movant must show “the possibility of
successfully effectuating a plan of reorganization.”12
The Court finds no possibility that Debtor will be reorganized in the customary
sense. Although this case is filed under Chapter 11, Debtor has no ongoing business and
no assets for use in a business. Debtor argues that it will be able to reorganize if offset is
allowed. In other words, the reorganization being sought is cancellation of indebtedness
by offset. This type of “reorganization” is not dependent upon the bankruptcy code; it is
primarily a state law question. The issuance of an injunction is not necessary to protect
the administration of Debtor’s reorganization.
Debtor’s arguments of irreparable harm distinguish between the Bond and the
Stock. As to the Bond, the contention is that Debtor may loose a valuable asset, the Bond
proceeds, if the stay does not issue. Debtor’s legal right to the Bond proceeds is not at all
certain. Meyer and Pratt claim a right to the proceeds, since the judgment with respect to
which the Bond was posted has been affirmed. Debtor advances several theories as to
why it is entitled to the proceeds, the primary one being the contention that the
garnishment orders issued by the Missouri Court and served on Washington take
precedence over the district court order to release the Bond proceeds to Meyer and Pratt’s
12 Id. at 949 n.2.
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counsel. Washington, because of these competing claims to the Bond proceeds, has
requested relief from stay to allow it to comply with the competing orders. The Court
agrees with Washington that, since the estate claims an interest in the Bond proceeds,
actions to obtain possession or control of the Bond proceeds are stayed under § 362. But
by separate order, the Court has denied Washington’s motion for relief. In so ruling, the
Court has held that Washington is barred by bankruptcy law from disbursing the Bond
proceeds to any entity, including a court registry and ordered that Washington shall hold
the proceeds pending further order of this Court. Therefore the Count is confident that
Washington will not precipitously turn over the proceeds.
As to the Stock, the alleged irreparable harm to be avoided is Meyer and Pratt’s
ability to control Debtor’s bankruptcy case and loss of the tax attribute of a prepetition
non-operating loss tax carryover (NOL). The Court rejects the first argument. If the §
105 order does not issue and the district court’s turnover order is enforced, Meyer and
Pratt will obtain possession of the Stock. But possession does not equate to control.
Debtor even states in its brief, “There is no real difficulty if the stock is actually
possessed by Meyer and Pratt.”13 Further proceedings would be required in this Court
before Meyer and Pratt would be permitted to control these proceedings.14
13 Dkt.146 at 8.
14 Under § 362(a)(3) any act to “exercise control over property of the estate” was stayed by
the filing of Debtor’s petition. Debtor argued at the hearing on the Motion that, absent relief from
stay, this section would prohibit Meyer and Pratt from controlling the Debtor, even if they become
stockholders. By not enjoining Meyer’s and Pratt’s attempts to acquire possession of the Stock, the
Court is not making any findings as to the impact of § 362(a)(3). Likewise the Court has not yet
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 9 of 12
As to the NOL, Debtor contends that the transfer of the stock would impair its
prebankruptcy NOL carry-forward of $724,246.00, which may be applied advantageously
to achieve reduction in future tax liability. According to Debtor, after an ownership
change, under I.R.C. § 382, the amount of income to which the NOL carry-forward can
be deducted is limited to the product of the fair market value of the corporation’s stock
multiplied by the average market yield of long term U.S. Treasury Notes. Since Debtor’s
stock has little, if any value, this would be a significant reduction. However, I.R.C. §
382(l)(5) exempts a bankrupt debtor from the foregoing limitation, if the transfer is to a
creditor holding a “qualified indebtedness.” Meyer and Pratt argue that a transfer to them
would fall within the exemption.
The Court concludes that any injury from harm to Debtor from loss of the NOL
carry-forward is speculative. First, Debtor is not going to have a taxable income in the
foreseeable future. It has no on-going business and is not attempting to reorganize as a
profit making enterprise. Meyer and Pratt could be correct that the exemption would be
applicable. The threatened harm to the Debtor is thus minimal. On the other hand, Meyer
and Pratt would be harmed. If the § 105 injunction were to issue, Meyer and Pratt would
be deprived of the benefit of orders issued by the district court in aid of execution of the
considered the argument in Debtor’s memorandum that the Debtor’s bylaws may preclude control
by Meyer and Pratt.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 10 of 12
In this case, issuance of the requested injunction would be contrary to the public
interest. Debtors, although framing the request as an injunction against certain acts of
Meyer and Pratt, are in effect asking this Court to enjoin orders issued by the district
court. The public interest of comity between the district court and the bankruptcy court
would not be served.15 Debtor by filing this bankruptcy case has elected to litigate issues
relating to the satisfaction of the Judgment, including rights to the Bond and the Stock, in
the bankruptcy court, even though the issues were or could have been placed before the
district court. Having made the choice to involve a second forum, this Court will not now
enter an order under § 105 rendering ineffective orders entered in the district court action
which Debtor finds objectionable.
The conditions for issuance of an injunction under 11 U.S.C. § 105 are not present.
Debtor’s motion for a stay under § 105 is DENIED.
The foregoing constitute Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law under Rules
7052 and 9014(c) of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure which make Rule 52(a)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure applicable to this matter.
Judgment is hereby entered denying the Motion of DJ Christie, Inc. for the
Imposition of a Stay under 11 U.S.C. §105 against Alan E. Meyer and John R. Pratt.
15 See Levy v. Systems Division, Inc.(In re Teknek, LLC), 2007 WL 4557813 at * 13 (D.N.D.
Case 11-40764 Doc# 176 Filed 04/26/12 Page 11 of 12
The judgment based on this ruling will become effective when it is entered on the docket
for this case, as provided by Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 9021.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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