- Category: Judge Somers
- Published: 30 September 2011
- Written by Judge Somers
SIGNED this 26 day of September, 2011.
Dale L. Somers
UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY JUDGE
Opinion designated for on-line use but not print publication.
IN THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
BISON PARK DEVELOPMENT, LLC,
CASE NO. 07-22754
TROY ALEXANDER RUF
and NANCY RENE RUF,
CASE NO. 10-21171
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER DENYING THE MOTION OF
NORTH AMERICAN SAVINGS BANK, F.S.B.,
TO REOPEN CASES TO FILE ADVERSARY PROCEEDING REGARDING
ENFORCING PRIOR JUDGMENT AND
ALTERNATIVELY FOR REVOKING DISCHARGE/ADMINISTERING ASSET
The matter under advisement is “North American Savings Bank, F.S.B.’s Motion
Case 07-22754 Doc# 201 Filed 09/26/11 Page 1 of 10
to Reopen Cases to File Adversary Proceeding Regarding Enforcing Prior Judgment and
Alternatively for Revoking Discharge/Administering Asset” (hereafter “Motion”). North
American Savings Bank, F.S.B. (hereafter “NASB”), seeks to reopen two bankruptcy
cases previously pending in this Court, In re Bison Park Development, LLC, Case No. 0722754
(hereafter “Bison Park Bankruptcy”) and In re Ruf, Case No. 10-21171 (hereafter
“Ruf Bankruptcy”), for the purpose of allowing the filing of identical adversary
proceedings in both cases. In those proposed adversary complaints, NASB prays for
enforcement of a prior judgment in Adversary Case No. 08-6086, filed in the Bison Park
Bankruptcy, or, in the alternative, administration of assets and revocation of the discharge
of Debtor Troy Alexander Ruf (hereafter “Debtor Troy Ruf”) granted in the Ruf
Bankruptcy. NASB appears by Thomas M. Franklin of the Franklin Law Firm. Bison
Park Development, LLC (hereafter “Bison Park”), and Debtor Troy Ruf oppose the
Motion and appear by David E. Shay of Seigfreid Bingham Levy Selzer & Gee, PC, and
Robert J. Bjerg of Colantuono Bjerg Guinn, LLC. There are no other appearances. The
Court has jurisdiction.1
The factual basis for the Motion is uncontroverted facts concerning the Bison Park
1 The Court has jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 157(a) and § 1334(a) and (b) and the
Standing Order of the United States District Court for the District of Kansas that exercised authority
conferred by § 157(a) to refer to the District’s bankruptcy judges all matters under the Bankruptcy Code
and all proceedings arising under the Code or arising in or related to a case under the Code, effective July
10, 1984. A motion to reopen a case is a core proceeding which this Court may hear and determine as
provided in § 157(b)(2)(A). There is no objection to venue or jurisdiction over the parties.
Case 07-22754 Doc# 201 Filed 09/26/11 Page 2 of 10
Bankruptcy, the Ruf Bankruptcy, and the proceedings in Bison Park Development, LLC,
v. North American Savings Bank, FSB, pending in the Circuit Court of Jackson County,
Missouri, as Case Number 1116-CV12825 (hereafter “Missouri Case”). Bison Park is a
Missouri limited liability company engaged primarily in the ownership, development, and
construction of residential real estate. At the times relevant to the Motion, Debtor Troy
Ruf and a relative, August A. Ruf, shared equal ownership of Bison Park.
NASB provided financing to Bison Park and related persons and entities. The
lending was secured in part by a deed of trust on Missouri real property known as
Whispering Cove. The Bison Park Bankruptcy was initiated by a voluntary petition for
relief under Chapter 11 filed on December 6, 2007. On July 28, 2008, Bison Park, as
debtor in possession, commenced an adversary proceeding against NASB, Adversary
Case No. 08-6086 (hereafter “Bison Park Adversary Case”). Bison Park alleged it had
received less than reasonably equivalent value in return for giving NASB the Whispering
Cove deed of trust, so it could avoid that transfer as fraudulent under the Missouri version
of the Uniform Fraudulent Conveyance Act, through 11 U.S.C. § 544(b), and under 11
U.S.C. § 548(a), and consequently, could also avoid the payment of proceeds from the
sale of Whispering Cove to NASB. By opinion filed on May 7, 2009, NASB was granted
summary judgment on the claims. No appeal was taken from the judgment. During the
Bison Park Bankruptcy, there was other litigation between Bison Park and NASB, as
Bison Park objected to NASB’s proof of claim and NASB contested Bison Park’s ability
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to confirm a plan of reorganization. Bison Park’s disclosure statement was approved.2
Under the section addressing funding of the plan, the disclosure statement provided:
Debtor has completed an initial investigation and review of
the lending relationship with NASB that strongly suggests the
existence of lender liability claims against NASB under state
law. Debtor is currently evaluating the feasibility of
prosecuting such claims and anticipates a final decision on
that issue shortly.3
A plan was not confirmed. The United State Trustee moved to dismiss, and an agreed
order of dismissal was entered in the Bison Park Bankruptcy on November 20, 2009.
On April 2, 2010, NASB obtained a $131,540.35 state court judgment against
Debtor Troy Ruf on guaranties he gave for his construction company, Alexander
Construction, Inc. Debtor Troy Ruf and his wife, Nancy R. Ruf, filed a voluntary petition
under Chapter 7 on April 13, 2010. Debtor Troy Ruf’s 50% membership interest in Bison
Park was disclosed on Schedule B with a value of “unknown.” Schedule F listed NASB
as an unsecured creditor for a 2006 guarantee, and NASB was included on the creditor
matrix. However, NASB did not object to the Debtors’ schedules or discharges. Debtor
Troy Ruf was granted a discharge on July 28, 2010, and the case was closed the same
On May 18, 2011, Bison Park filed the Missouri Case against NASB. The factual
allegations include the pledge of the Whispering Cove property, its sale, and the
2 Case No. 07-22754, dkt. 137.
3 Id., dkt. 73, p. 9.
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application of the proceeds to the Bison Park loan. The petition asserts lender liability
causes of action for fraud, negligent misrepresentation, breach of contract, and
promissory estoppel. The damages sought are in excess of $75,000.
1. The Motion to Reopen the Bison Park Chapter 11 Case is Denied.
NASB moves to reopen the Bison Park Bankruptcy for the purpose of filing an
adversary proceeding in which NASB would ask this Court to find that the judgment in
the Bison Park Adversary Case is res judicata, and bars the claims being asserted against
NASB by Bison Park in the Missouri Case. For the following reasons, this relief cannot
As authority for reopening the case, NASB relies upon 11 U.S.C. § 350(b), which
provides: “A case may be reopened in the court in which such case was closed to
administer assets, to accord relief to the debtor, or for other cause.” But this section does
not apply here, since the Bison Park Bankruptcy was dismissed, not closed. As stated by
the Ninth Circuit:
The word “reopened” used in Section 350(b) obviously relates
to the word “closed” used in the same section. In our opinion
a case cannot be reopened unless it has been closed. An order
dismissing a bankruptcy case accomplishes a completely
different result than an order closing it would and is not an
4 Armel Laminates, Inc., v. Lomas & Nettleton Co. (In re Income Property Builders, Inc.), 699
F.2d 963, 965 (9th Cir. 1982); see also 3 Collier on Bankruptcy, ¶ 350.03 (Alan N. Resnick & Henry J.
Sommer, eds.-in-chief, 16th ed. 2011).
Case 07-22754 Doc# 201 Filed 09/26/11 Page 5 of 10
NASB provides no authority to the contrary. The Bison Park Bankruptcy cannot be
Since the case cannot be reopened, the Court will not address whether, if the case
were reopened, this Court would be a proper forum for determining the res judicata effect
of the judgment in favor of NASB in the Bison Park Adversary Case. In any event, it is
clear that NASB can raise these defenses in the Missouri Case.
2. The Motion to Reopen the Ruf Bankruptcy is Denied.
NASB seeks to reopen the Ruf Bankruptcy for the purpose of filing a complaint to
revoke the discharge of Debtor Troy Ruf and “to allow the Trustee to make a decision
about administering any asset.” The proposed complaint alleges that the Rufs’ schedules
did not disclose the claim against NASB, and that Debtor Troy Ruf waited until after his
discharge to assert the claim so he could keep any proceeds for himself. It is alleged that
the discharge was obtained through fraud, and that NASB was not aware of such fraud
until after Debtor Troy Ruf’s discharge was granted.
The Court finds that the Motion to reopen the Ruf Bankruptcy is predicated upon a
misunderstanding of Debtor Troy Ruf’s interest in the causes of action being asserted in
the Missouri Case. First, it must be emphasized that Bison Park, not Debtor Troy Ruf, is
the plaintiff in the state court litigation. The limited liability company borrowed from
NASB and is asserting lender liability claims arising from the financing. Second, as a
member of Bison Park, Debtor Troy Ruf has no specific interest in Bison Park’s causes of
action. A limited liability company, such as Bison Park, “is a form of legal entity that has
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the attributes of both a corporation and a partnership but is not formally characterized as
either.”5 A member, such as Debtor Troy Ruf, is a person who has been admitted to the
limited liability company as a member.6 A member’s interest in the company is personal
property,7 and a “member has no interest in specific limited liability company property.”8
The limited liability company, not a member, is the proper party to enforce the limited
liability company’s rights against third parties.9 Therefore, Debtor Troy Ruf, as a 50%
member of Bison Park, has no direct interest in the causes of action being asserted by
Reopening a bankruptcy case for the purpose of administering assets is permitted
by § 350(b), but the circumstances of this case do not establish a basis to reopen the Ruf
Bankruptcy. When a case is reopened to administer assets, “the assets must be assets that
were not known at the time the case was closed.”10 This corresponds to § 554(c), which
Unless the court orders otherwise, any property
scheduled under section 521(1) of this title not otherwise
administered at the time of the closing of a case is abandoned
5 ___ Am. Jur. 2d Limited Liability Companies § 1 (2011) (available at Westlaw AMJUR
LIMLIACO § 1, database updated August 2011).
6 Mo. Ann. Stat. § 347.015(11) (West 2011).
7 Mo. Ann. Stat. § 347.115(1).
8 Mo. Ann. Stat. § 347.061(1).
9 See Mo. Ann. Stat. § 347.069(1).
10 3 Collier on Bankruptcy, ¶350.03
Case 07-22754 Doc# 201 Filed 09/26/11 Page 7 of 10
to the debtor and administered for purposes of section 350 of
Since Debtor Troy Ruf’s personal property asset relating to Bison Park was his
membership interest, not the specific asset of Bison Park’s claims against NASB, Debtor
Troy Ruf had an obligation to schedule that membership interest, not the causes of action.
He did so. This membership interest was listed on Debtor Troy Ruf’s Schedule B, with a
value of “unknown.” Pursuant to § 544(c), the asset was administered and abandoned to
the debtor. NASB cannot reopen the Ruf Bankruptcy for the purpose of allowing the
trustee to administer Debtor Troy Ruf’s interest in Bison Park.
Next, the Court denies NASB’s Motion to reopen the Ruf Bankruptcy for the
purpose of filing an adversary complaint seeking to revoke Debtor Troy Ruf’s discharge
pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727(d)(1). That section provides that if other requisites are
present, the Court may revoke a Chapter 7 debtor’s discharge if it “was obtained through
the fraud of the debtor.” “The fraud required to be shown must involve intentional
wrong, and does not include implied fraud or fraud in law, which may exist without the
imputation of bad faith or immorality.”11 It is essential that the party requesting the
revocation of discharge did not know of the fraud until after the discharge was granted,
and the person seeking to revoke the discharge “is required to have exercised diligence in
investigating the facts during the case, especially after having been put on notice of
11 6 Collier on Bankruptcy, ¶ 727.17.
Case 07-22754 Doc# 201 Filed 09/26/11 Page 8 of 10
In the proposed adversary complaint it submitted, NASB alleges that Debtor Troy
Ruf “did not disclose the asset he now seeks to enforce in the Circuit Court of Jackson
County” and “waited until after his discharge in Chapter 7 and then started this case so as
to keep any proceeds for himself.”13 NASB asserts that Debtor Troy Ruf’s discharge was
obtained through this alleged fraud and that NASB was not aware of such fraud until after
the granting of Debtor Troy Ruf’s discharge.
In general, reopening a case for the purpose of filing a timely14 complaint for
revocation of discharge is appropriate. However, in this case the Court will not reopen
the Ruf Bankruptcy for the purpose of filing a proposed complaint which on its face is
insufficient. NASB’s premise for revocation of discharge is that the causes of action
being asserted by Bison Park in the Missouri Case are assets of Debtor Troy Ruf and were
concealed during his bankruptcy. As explained above, this is incorrect. Bison Park is the
holder of the claims asserted against NASB. This is not just a technical error of pleading.
The proposed complaint contains no allegations that the value, if any, of the Bison Park
claims against NASB would inure to the benefit of Debtor Troy Ruf rather than the
creditors of Bison Park, or that the listing of the value of the membership interest as
12 Id. at ¶ 727.17.
13 Case No. 07-22754, dkt. 199, p. 7.
14 Pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727(e)(1), a complaint to revoke a discharge for fraud must be filed
“within one year after such discharge is granted.”
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“unknown” was fraudulent.15
For the foregoing reasons, the Court denies the Motion to reopen the Bison Park
Bankruptcy, because the case was dismissed and dismissed cases are not subject to being
reopened. The Motion to reopen the Ruf Bankruptcy is also denied, for the reasons stated
The foregoing constitutes Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law under Rules
7052 and 9014(c) of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, which make Rule 52(a)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure applicable to this matter.
Judgment is hereby entered denying North American Savings Bank, F.S.B.’s
Motion to Reopen Cases to File Adversary Proceeding Regarding Enforcing Prior
Judgment and Alternatively for Revoking Discharge/Administering Asset. The judgment
based on this ruling will become effective when it is entered on the docket for this case,
as provided by Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 9021.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
# # #
15 Given NASB’s involvement in the Bison Park Bankruptcy, the disclosure in that proceeding of
possible lender liability claims against NASB, and NASB’s duty to investigate when put on notice of
possible fraud, the Court notes that if a proper claim for revocation of discharge were pled in the
proposed complaint, it would be difficult for NASB to carry its burden to prove it lacked knowledge of
the alleged fraud prior to the entry of Debtor Troy Ruf’s discharge.
Case 07-22754 Doc# 201 Filed 09/26/11 Page 10 of 10
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