- Category: Judge Nugent
- Published on 31 July 2010
- Written by Judge Nugent
SIGNED this 16 day of July, 2010.
ROBERT E. NUGENT
UNITED STATES CHIEF BANKRUPTCY JUDGE
OPINION DESIGNATED FOR ON - LINE PUBLICATION
BUT NOT PRINT PUBLICATION
IN THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
TEAM FINANCIAL, INC., ) Case No. 09-10925
) Chapter 11
IN RE: )
TEAM FINANCIAL ACQUISITION ) Case No. 09-10926
SUBSIDIARY, INC., ) Chapter 11
IN RE: )
POST BANCORP, INC.,
) Case No. 09-10927
) Chapter 11
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 1 of 7
ORDER MODIFYING FINAL ORDER AUTHORIZING EMPLOYMENT OF SPECIAL
COUNSEL AND APPROVING SPECIAL COUNSEL’S APPLICATION FOR
ATTORNEY FEES NUNC PRO TUNC
Before the Court is the application of the debtors for payment of fees of Graybill &
Hazelwood, L.L.C. (G&H) as special counsel to the debtors in possession filed March 24, 2010. Dkt.
239. The Court previously entered an interim order on March 25, 2010 and final order on April 16,
2010, approving G&H’s employment as special counsel. No objections to the fee application of
G&H were received and debtors submitted to the Court a proposed order approving G&H’s fees.
The Court determined that the final order approving G&H’s employment was improvidently entered
after the Court’s review of the docket revealed that G&H had commenced and completed its work
prior to obtaining court approval of its employment. The Court therefore directed that debtors
appear and show cause why G&H’s fee application should be approved nunc pro tunc. Dkt. 246.
On July 14, 2010, the Court conducted an evidentiary hearing on the matter and now makes the
following findings of fact, conclusions of law, and orders.
Each of these chapter 11 cases was filed on April 5, 2009. These cases concern related
entities that either held or managed insured banking institutions in Kansas and Colorado. Both the
banks operated by the debtors were taken over by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and
closed. Incident to the administration of these estates, debtors’ counsel Edward J. Nazar determined
that prompt examination of the debtors’ pre-pending directors and officers liability policies by
experienced insurance counsel was necessary to protect the estates from possible exposure arising
out of anticipated FDIC investigations of the banks’ former management. Mr. Nazar recommended
to the debtor management that G&H be retained as special counsel for that purpose.
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 2 of 7
G&H proposed a letter of engagement to Mr. Nazar on August 14, 2009.1 He forwarded the
engagement letter to the remaining members of the debtors’ board of directors on August 24, 2009,
but never received a signed engagement letter back. Mr. Nazar testified that it his firm’s practice
not to process an application to employ an allied professional until a signed letter of engagement is
received. Accordingly, no application to employ G&H was filed. Nevertheless, because certain
insurance claim deadlines were looming, G&H requested complete copies of the insurance policies
and commenced its review as it received them from the debtors’ former general counsel Sandra
Hartley and their insurance agency, KBA Insurance, Inc.2 From November 5 through November 11,
2009, G&H issued a series of opinion letters concerning the extent of D&O coverage available to
the debtors under their various policies and coverages.3 Each of these letters was addressed to Mr.
Nazar. On December 21, 2009, G&H billed debtor Team Financial, Inc. in care of Mr. Nazar’s firm
for its work in connection with the engagement.4 The bill amounted to $6,187.50 and is supported
by a detailed account of the work performed by G&H.
Mr. Nazar testified that he first became aware of the fact that G&H’s employment had not
been approved by the Court after he received either this billing statement or an inquiry from G&H
in January or February, 2010 about its payment. On March 24, 2010, Nazar filed an application to
employ G&H (Dkt. 237), and submitted an interim order approving the employment. He attached
1 Ex. 1.
2 As the trial exhibits and G&H’s itemized statement reflect, there was some delay in
obtaining complete copies of the insurance policies and G&H did not have the policies in its
possession until mid-to-late October.
3 Ex. 7-10.
4 Ex. 13.
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 3 of 7
to this application the affidavit of N. Russell Hazlewood indicating G&H’s disinterestedness in the
case or the debtor. The affidavit is dated March 18, 2010. The application to employ did not state
that G&H had already provided the legal services and completed its work, nor did it request G&H’s
employment nunc pro tunc. No objections to the employment application were received. The Court
entered the interim order on March 25, 2010 (Dkt. 241), and after expiration of the objection
deadline, entered the final order on April 16, 2010 (Dkt. 245).
On March 24, 2010, the same day the application to employ was filed, Mr. Nazar filed the
instant application for approval of G&H’s fees, together with G&H’s itemized statement of services.
Dkt. 239. Again, no objections to G&H’s fee application were received and Mr. Nazar did not
indicate that approval of the fees nunc pro tunc was being sought. Upon expiration of the objection
deadline, Mr. Nazar submitted a proposed order for the Court’s approval of G&H’s fees. As is this
Court’s regular practice, it independently reviewed the fee application and supporting itemization
of the time and fees billed. When the Court discovered that G&H’s work pre-dated the application
and affidavit, it ordered the debtors to appear and show cause why this fee application should be
allowed after the fact.
At the show cause hearing on July 14, 2010, Mr. Nazar testified and the Court admitted a
series of documentary exhibits. Messrs. Graybill and Hazlewood appeared and addressed the Court
but did not testify. After hearing the evidence and indicating an inclination to allow the fee
application nunc pro tunc, the Court retired to prepare this written order.
The employment and compensation of counsel after they have completed their work are
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 4 of 7
highly disfavored in the bankruptcy law. As this Court has previously noted,5 11 U.S.C. § 327(a)
permits the court to approve the employment of professionals that do not hold an interest adverse
to the estate and are disinterested, to assist the trustee or debtor in possession in carrying out their
duties. Section 327(e) permits the court to allow the debtor in possession to employ an attorney that
has represented the debtor to participate in the case for a specified special purpose so long as the
attorney does not hold an interest adverse to the debtor or the estate on the particular issue. Section
330(a)(1) provides that the court may only award compensation to an attorney or professional
employed under § 327. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 2014 implements these statutes by conditioning an order
of employment upon an appropriate application being made to the court. In this District, local rule
D. Kan. L.B.R. 2014.1(a) and (b) sets out the content and manner in which such an application is
to be made.6 These rules serve the salutary purposes of allowing the various constituencies in a case
to know and be heard whether the estate’s professionals are indeed disinterested and preserving the
court’s inherent authority to regulate the professionals practicing before it.
Numerous courts have spoken to the issue whether a bankruptcy court: (a) has the authority
to allow the employment of professionals “nunc pro tunc;” and (b) should do so. The Tenth Circuit
Court of Appeals has directly answered the latter question but not the former. In In re Land, the
Tenth Circuit did not reach the question whether a bankruptcy court had inherent authority to allow
employment nunc pro tunc, but cited favorably the Third Circuit’s opinion in In re Arkansas Co.,
Inc., in which that court held that bankruptcy courts have the equitable power to relieve counsel
5 See generally In re Boot Hill Biofuels, LLC, 2009 WL 982192, Case No. 08-13128
(Bankr. D. Kan. Mar. 27, 2009).
6 D. Kan. L.B.R. 2014.1(g) makes the application process applicable to professionals and
special counsel sought to be employed by the trustee or debtor in possession.
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 5 of 7
from the strictures of Rule 2014 and § 330(a) where counsel’s employment would have otherwise
been approved and their timely compliance with the statues and rules was prevented by hardships
not of the professional’s making.7 The Tenth Circuit also mentioned with approval the Fifth
Circuit’s decision in In re Triangle Chemicals, Inc.,8 allowing bankruptcy courts the discretion to
approve employment applications nunc pro tunc in appropriate circumstances.9 These are old cases
but they remain good law and continue to be cited and followed by bankruptcy courts in this Circuit.
There is no reason to doubt that G&H’s employment application, had it been timely filed,
would have been approved. No objections were raised to G&H’s employment. In fact, the Court
approved G&H’s employment before becoming aware of its nunc pro tunc aspects. Nor is there any
reason to believe that G&H is responsible for the delay in its application being filed. It appears to
the Court that G&H maintained regular communication with Mr. Nazar concerning its limited
engagement. In reaching this conclusion, the Court relies on Mr. Nazar’s testimony that his firm,
as counsel to the debtor-in-possession, was responsible for getting G&H’s employment approved.
Neither attorney member of G&H is an experienced bankruptcy lawyer and neither was familiar with
the employment procedures inherent in bankruptcy cases. The intervening hardship that prevented
G&H’s timely application was beyond G&H’s control and this Court cannot, in good conscience,
deny G&H compensation in these circumstances.
As this Court has repeatedly stated, counsel who seek to be compensated by a bankruptcy
estate MUST follow the employment process laid out in § 327(a) and Fed. R. Bankr. P. 2014.
7 Land v. First Nat’l Bank (In re Land), 943 F.2d 1265, 1267-1268 (10th Cir. 1991),
citing In re Arkansas Co., 798 F.2d 645, 649-50 (3rd Cir. 1986).
8 697 F.2d 1280, 1285-88 (5th Cir. 1983).
9 Land, 943 F. 2d at 1267 n. 2.
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 6 of 7
Failure to do so may result in after-the-fact denial of employment applications, disqualification, and
denial of compensation. The Court inclines toward some leniency in cases like this one, where
allied professionals who are not familiar with the bankruptcy process but who render valuable
services to the estate look to the experienced bankruptcy counsel who have solicited their services
to procure approval of their employment. These cases are to be distinguished from those where
experienced bankruptcy counsel fail to timely secure their own employment purely as a result of
neglect or inattention and without presenting evidence of any hardship unattributable to
themselves.10 Counsel are admonished yet again that nunc pro tunc employment relief will be rare
and only granted in extraordinary circumstances. Such circumstances are shown here.
The final order granting debtors’ application to employ G&H (Dkt. 245) is hereby modified.
Debtors’ application to employ G&H as special insurance counsel is GRANTED retroactive to
August 25, 2009. The debtors’ application for compensation of G&H (Dkt. 239) is APPROVED
as filed and G&H may be paid its fees in the amount of $6,187.50. The Order to Show Cause
previously issued is released.
# # #
10 See In re Bartmann, 320 B.R. 725 (Bankr. N.D. Okla. 2004); In re Boot Hill Biofuels,
LLC, 2009 WL 982192, Case No. 08-13128 (Bankr. D. Kan. Mar. 27, 2009).
Case 09-10925 Doc# 291 Filed 07/16/10 Page 7 of 7
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