- Category: Judge Karlin
- Published: 05 May 2010
- Written by Judge Karlin
SIGNED this 27 day of April, 2010.
JANICE MILLER KARLIN
UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY JUDGE
IN THE UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
In re: )
NORVAL SEBERT FORTUNE III and ) Case No. 09-41744
KARLA JO FORTUNE, )
NORVAL SEBERT FORTUNE III and )
KARLA JO FORTUNE, )
v. ) Adv. No. 10-7003
AMERICAN SIDING & WINDOW SYSTEMS, )
INC. and COMMUNITY HOME )
FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC., )
ORDER ENTERING DEFAULT AGAINST AMERICAN SIDING & WINDOW
SYSTEMS, INC. AND RESERVING ENTRY OF JUDGMENT
UNTIL CONCLUSION OF ADVERSARY PROCEEDING
Case 10-07003 Doc# 31 Filed 04/27/10 Page 1 of 4
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiffs’ Motion for Default Judgment 1 against
Defendant American Siding & Window Systems, Inc (“American”). Plaintiff contends that although
American was properly served with a copy of the summons in this adversaryproceeding on February
25, 2010, it has failed to file an answer or other responsive pleading within the 30 days required by
Fed. R. Bankr. P. 7012(a), or since. Based upon the failure to timely answer or respond, Plaintiffs
have moved for default judgment against American pursuant to Fed. R. Bankr. P. 7055, which
incorporates Fed. R. Civ. P. 55, by reference. Plaintiffs do not indicate upon which subsection of
Rule 55 they rely for the motion.
American has not responded to the Motion for Default Judgment. However, co-defendant
Community Home Financial Services, Inc. (“Community”) did respond, indicating it did not objectto the entry of default against American, but contending that the entry of judgment against American
would be improper because the two defendants may be subject to joint and several liability in this
case. Community further responded that entry of judgment could deprive it of its right to fully
defend the Complaint, which it did answer.
The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals addressed this issue in Hunt v. Inter-Globe Energy, Inc.3
In Hunt, the plaintiffs brought suit against multiple defendants for alleged securities fraud. After one
of the defendants failed to timely file an answer or other responsive pleading, the Court entered
default judgment against that defendant in the amount of $330,000, plus interest, attorney’s fees and
2Doc. 28. Pursuant to D. Kan. LBR 7012.1(b), Plaintiffs had 14 days to reply to Community’s response.
They elected not to respond, so the Court makes the assumption that Plaintiffs do not disagree with Community’s
position on their motion.
3770 F.2d 145 (10th Cir. 1985).
Case 10-07003 Doc# 31 Filed 04/27/10 Page 2 of 4
court expenses – including $300,000 in punitive damages. The remaining defendants did respond,
and the case proceeded to trial.
After trial, the jury returned a judgment in favor of the plaintiffs in the amount of $30,000,
plus interest, attorney’s fees and court expenses. The Tenth Circuit adopted the rule established by
Frow v. DeLaVega, which is described as follows: “‘when one of several defendants who is allegedto be jointly liable defaults, judgment should not be entered against him until the matter has been
adjudicated with regard to all defendants, or all have defaulted.’” 5 If the court were to rule
otherwise, “plaintiffs armed with joint and several liability on a single claim could seek to execute
on a larger damage award from a party against whom the court awarded a much smaller damage
verdict-the situation that occurred here.”6
Based upon the Hunt decision, the Court finds that the entry of judgment by default against
American under Rule 55(b) is improper in this case. Were the Court to enter default judgment
against American, Plaintiffs could potentially seek to recover that judgment against Community
under a joint liability theory, even if Community prevails in this case.
The Court does find that the entry of default against American under Rule 55(a) is
appropriate, although the effect of that entryis limited solely to American and cannot be used against
Community in this action. Unlike the case in Hunt, the claims in this action carry with them
potentially self-executing remedies that are made effective simply upon a finding of fault. For
example, if Plaintiffs are able to show that they were not provided with the required notices of their
482 U.S. 552 (1872).
5 Hunt, 770 F.2d at 147 (quoting 10 C. Wright, A. Miller & M. Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure §
2690, at 455-56 (1983)).
6Id. at 148.
Case 10-07003 Doc# 31 Filed 04/27/10 Page 3 of 4
right to rescind the transaction, then the deadline for filing a notice of rescission is automatically
extended from three days to up to three years from the date of the transaction. If Community is
successful in showing that the rescission notices were given, then the rescission period would be
limited to three days. Community cannot be bound by American’s default on this issue.7
Judgment pursuant to Rule 55(a) will be entered by default against American, and this
adversary proceeding will proceed between Plaintiffs and Community. Following the conclusion
of the case, a judgment pursuant to Rule 55(b) will be entered against American in a manner
consistent with the outcome of the case between Plaintiffs and Community.
IT IS, THEREFORE, BY THE COURT ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ Motion for Default
Judgment is granted in part and denied in part. Default is hereby entered against Defendant
American Siding & Window Systems, Inc. However, the Court will reserve entry of judgment until
the conclusion of this case.
7The discussion of the right to rescind is being offered only as an example of the type of issue that could
potentially arise following the entry of default against American. Accordingly, the Court is merely finding that
American can no longer defend against this action; it is not finding, for example, that American in fact did, or failed
to do, anything substantive alleged in the Complaint. Any rights, liabilities, benefits, or damages that automatically
arise based upon a finding of liability against American cannot be used against Community in this case. In other
words, Community cannot be prejudiced by the entry of default against its co-defendant in this case.
Case 10-07003 Doc# 31 Filed 04/27/10 Page 4 of 4
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