Judge Berger

11-20325 Buerge (Doc. # 204) - Document Text

The relief described hereinbelow is SO ORDERED.
SIGNED this 6th day of September, 2012.


In re:

AARON GRANT BUERGE, Case No. 11-20325
Debtor. Chapter 7


Debtor seeks to compel the Chapter 7 Trustee to abandon Debtor’s minority stock
interest in two closely held bank holding companies. The Trustee seeks an order approving the
sale of the stock to Debtor’s most significant creditor, Prime Lending II, LLC.1 The Trustee
failed to prove the bidders qualified as good faith purchasers or offered to purchase the stock for
value. Instead, Debtor proved the sale is too costly and the return to unsecured creditors is too
inconsequential to overcome the burden the sale would impose. Accordingly, the Trustee’s
motion is denied, and Debtor’s motion is granted.

1 Prime could not qualify as a bidder under the stock purchase agreements restricting the stock’s transfer,
so the bidders became Prime’s individual members, David Johnson, Monte McDowell, Jose Evans, Melvin
Dunsworth, Steven Chase, Bradley Nicholson, and Kevan Acord, collectively referred to as Prime in this opinion.

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Prime and Debtor have been litigating since December 16, 2008. Debtor’s former lender,
Columbian Bank and Trust Company, failed that year, and the FDIC liquidated Columbian’s
loan portfolio. Debtor, a banker, made a bid for the loans Columbian made to his restaurant
businesses, Trolley’s, LLC; Trolley’s Overland Park, LLC; and Trolley’s Real Estate Holdings,
LLC (collectively referred to herein as “Trolley’s”). Debtor guaranteed the loans, which totaled
approximately $3.7 million and were secured by Trolley’s real estate and assets. The FDIC sold
the loans to Prime’s predecessor, which immediately assigned the loans to Prime. Upon
obtaining the notes out of the disarray of Columbian’s failure, Prime declared the loans in
default and filed suit in state court on February 6, 2009, against Debtor, Trolley’s, and partners.
Trolley’s filed for bankruptcy on May 11, 2009. The Trolley’s bankruptcies, which were also
before this Court, were extremely litigious with Prime. The bankruptcy concluded with the
liquidation of Trolley’s assets. Debtor filed for Chapter 7 relief on February 11, 2011. On
December 4, 2011, Prime filed a proof claim for $4,707,937.90. On March 23, 2012, Prime
amended its proof of claim to $2,545,668.66 to reflect Prime’s recovery from liquidation of
Trolley’s assets.

Findings of Fact

On the Debtor’s bankruptcy petition date, Debtor owned stock consisting of 326 shares
(or approximately 11 percent) of a family-owned bank holding company known as Buerge
Bancshares, Inc. (BBI), and 132.64225 shares (or approximately 11 percent) of another family-
owned bank holding company known as Financial Enterprises, Inc. (FEI). BBI’s subsidiary bank
is First State Bank of Joplin, Missouri, and FEI’s subsidiary bank is First National Bank of
Clinton, Missouri, both small community banks. BBI and FEI are primarily owned by Debtor’s

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father, Alden Buerge, Debtor’s brother, and Debtor. Approximately ten percent of each
company is held by non-family shareholders. The Buerge family has been in the banking
business since 1965.

Debtor is a party to stock purchase agreements (SPAs) with BBI and FEI , which restrict
Debtor’s ability to transfer the stock and impose certain requirements upon disposition. The most
significant restriction prohibits a transfer which destroys BBI’s and FEI’s eligibility for
Subchapter S tax treatment.

Debtor maintains he has no equity in the stock. Debtor’s schedules value the BBI shares
at $1,102,930.30, and the FEI shares at $566,255.07. FEI is a C corporation and does not pay
dividends. BBI is a Subchapter S corporation and pays quarterly distributions to cover the
income tax associated with profit passed through to the shareholders. The stock is encumbered
by liens held by Liberty Bank and Alden Buerge. The liens secure approximately $1,798,000 in
debt. Quarterly debt service payments on the loans secured by the stock total about $27,249,
and the estimated quarterly state and federal taxes are about $34,385. The dividends usually do
not provide shareholders with cash in excess of their tax liability. There was one exception
regarding a larger than usual distribution made in the fourth quarter of 2011. The evidence
proved this one unusually high dividend was an anomaly triggered by the disruption to BBI’s
normal business following the devastating May 22, 2011, Joplin tornado.2 Thus, the stock does
not have any value to the estate beyond what the shares are worth. In fact, the shares generate
income tax liability to the bankruptcy estate. BBI has historically generated a profit. As a pass

2 Alden Buerge testified he miscalculated the dividend because he was distracted by a recent cancer
diagnosis and the effects of the Joplin tornado. Many Joplin borrowers were paying off their loans with insurance
proceeds. BBI invested the influx of these loan payoffs in tax-free municipal bonds. This change actually created
less tax liability for shareholders than Mr. Buerge anticipated. Mr. Buerge determines the dividends, and they are
usually just enough to cover the shareholders’ Subchapter S corporation pass-through tax liability.

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through taxable entity, the profits are taxed at the shareholder level. The bankruptcy estate is
burdened with the proportionate income tax liability attributed to BBI’s profits. If BBI does not
distribute dividends to cover these tax liabilities, the bankruptcy estate does not have assets to
pay the tax liability. The longer the Chapter 7 Trustee holds the BBI stock, the greater the
income tax liability associated with BBI profits.

Prime offers to purchase all the stock for a base bid of $1,830,000. The bid will increase
daily from the petition date to cover the interest accruing per diem on the secured claims. The
bid also includes a $50,000 escrow deposit to apply toward the secured creditors’ attorney fees.
Unsecured claims filed against the estate are approximately $3 million. Prime’s unsecured claim
constitutes 85 percent of this class. After deducting the $1,798,968.55 in secured claims and the
sale costs including the anticipated $80,463 trustee fee, approximately $27,685 would be
available to distribute to unsecured creditors – about a 0.9 percent return.

Procedural History

Debtor has appeared as a witness before this Court several times through the course of
this case and the Trolley’s bankruptcies. He is a credible and forthcoming witness. The Trustee
testified Debtor has been cooperative throughout the process. Even though the Trustee
continued the meeting of creditors nine times, the Trustee testified he had no difficulties
obtaining information from Debtor. Prime requested and received at least three extensions of
time to file a complaint objecting to dischargeability, but never filed a complaint. Prime
conducted extensive discovery. Debtor received his discharge on October 5, 2011.

On September 8, 2011, the Trustee moved to abandon the stock because the SPA transfer
restrictions, the amount of the secured debt, the attendant sale costs, and a lack of marketability
made the stock of inconsequential value to the estate. Also, the Trustee had not received any

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offers for the stock even though Prime had been investigating the stock’s value for several
months. Prime objected, and on November 3, the Trustee withdrew his motion to abandon.
Debtor filed his own motion to abandon on December 6, and on December 8, the Trustee filed
his motion to sell the stock to Prime. Prime and the Trustee objected to Debtor’s motion to
abandon. Debtor, Alden Buerge, BBI, and FEI objected to the Trustee’s sale motion.3 There are
five other creditors who have filed proofs of claims in this case, but none of them support or
oppose either motion.

The motions were originally set for a February 28, 2012, trial date, but on February 27,
the Trustee filed an Amended Asset Purchase Agreement substituting the Prime individual
members as the bidders in place of the limited liability company. The Trustee testified this was
done because consummation of the original APA would destroy BBI’s and FEI’s eligibility for
Subchapter S corporation tax status and could not be a valid purchase under the SPAs and
nonbankruptcy law. The Trustee filed another Amended and Restated Asset Purchase
Agreement and Amended Auction and Bid Procedures on March 20, which amendments also
attempted to address problems with the proposed sale. The problems again involved satisfying
the SPA transfer restrictions, paying the secured debt which was growing per diem, the attendant
sale costs which were rising, and the inability to market the stock because of fears of violating
Securities and Exchange Commission laws. After much briefing, the matters came to trial on
July 11, 2012. Not one Prime member appeared in person, but their counsel took the lead in
presenting the evidence in support of the Trustee’s sale motion and in opposition to Debtor’s

3 Liberty Bank objected but resolved its objection prior to trial.

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Conclusions of Law

A. Motion to Sell
The Chapter 7 trustee, after notice and a hearing, may use, sell, or lease, other than in the
ordinary course of business, property of the estate.4 The trustee bears the burden to prove a
sound business reason; a fair sale price; adequate and reasonable notice; and the buyer is a good
faith purchaser.5 The trustee’s duty is to maximize the value obtained from a sale, but he must
also avoid undue risk. The Chapter 7 trustee’s primary role is to liquidate property for the benefit
of unsecured creditors.6 Attempting to sell secured property is risky if the trustee does not
anticipate sales proceeds will produce some equity for the benefit of the estate. If the sales
proceeds are insufficient to pay the costs of sale, the trustee may not be able to recover them
under §506(c) from a secured creditor who did not consent to the sale.7 The trustee is granted
wide discretion in the conduct of the sale, and the court is granted wide latitude in deciding
whether to grant or deny approval.8 The court may interfere with the trustee’s judgment to
safeguard the diverse interests of the debtor, creditors, bidders, and equity holders.9 Sales are not
to be directed by the “hue and cry of the most vocal special interest groups.”10 The court may

4 11 U.S.C. § 363(b)(1); FED.R.BANKR. P. 6004(f)(1).

5 In re Bakalis, 220 B.R. 525, 531-32 (Bankr. E.D.N.Y. 1998); In re Exaeris, Inc., 380 B.R. 741, 744
(Bankr. D. Del. 2008).

6 Rambo v. Chase Manhattan Mortg. Corp. (In re Rambo), 297 B.R. 418, 434 (Bankr. E.D. Pa. 2003).

7 Id. Attempting to sell estate property after it is apparent no equity exists for the estate is “unnecessary”
under § 506(c).

8 In re Bakalis, 220 B.R. at 531-32.


Id. at 532.
10 In re Lionel Corp., 722 F.2d 1063, 1071 (2d Cir. 1983).

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consider many salient factors. Some relevant factors for this case include the proportionate
value of the asset to the estate as a whole and the proceeds to be obtained from the disposition.11

A good faith purchaser is one who buys in good faith and for value.12 A buyer in good
faith is one who buys through a sale which does not involve fraud, collusion between the
purchaser and other bidders or the trustee, or an attempt to take grossly unfair advantage of other
bidders. For value means by at least 75 percent of the appraised value of the assets.13 The trustee
must provide evidence regarding the value of the asset to be sold in order for the court to judge
the fairness of the sale.14 The trustee’s duty to creditors and the estate requires more than mere
adoption of the appraisal advanced by the buyer.15

The trustee also bears the burden of proof regarding the prospective purchaser’s good
faith, and he cannot avoid the burden by failing to put on evidence.16 The court cannot infer
good faith from an evidentiary record silent on the question because such an inference would
invert the burden of proof onto the objecting party.17 The issue of the prospective purchaser’s
good faith is not always limited to situations involving fraud or collusive bidding. Failure to



12 Tompkins v. Frey (In re Bel Air Assocs., Ltd.), 706 F.2d 301, 304-05 (10th Cir. 1983).

13 Id. at 305; 11 U.S.C.A. § 363.

14 In re Abbotts Dairies of Pennsylvania, Inc., 788 F.2d 143, 149 (3d Cir. 1986).

15 In re Smith, 349 B.R. 28, 37 (Bankr. D. Idaho 2005) (sale of closely-held family dealership did not pass
fair and equitable test).

16 See, e.g., Whiting v. Gillman (In re Whiting), 325 B.R. 339 (Table), 2005 WL 1220494, at *5 (B.A.P.
10th Cir. 2005) (unpublished opinion) (when proposed purchaser's good faith is placed in issue, bankruptcy court
must make findings of fact, and case will be remanded if court fails to do so); see also In re Independent Gas & Oil
Producers, Inc., 80 F. App’x 95, 2003 WL 22464027, at *5 (10th Cir. 2003) (unpublished) (remanding sale order for
factual findings regarding purchaser’s good faith even though issue raised for first time on appeal); In re Abbotts
Dairies of Pennsylvania, Inc., 788 F.2d 143, 149-50 (3rd Cir. 1986) (requiring a finding of prospective purchaser’s
good faith by the bankruptcy court).

17 In re M Capital Corp., 290 B.R. 743, 747 (B.A.P. 9th Cir. 2003). The Ninth Circuit does not require a
finding of good faith before authorizing a sale. The Tenth Circuit does. In re Independent Gas & Oil Producers,
Inc., 80 F. App’x 95, 2003 WL 22464027, at *5.

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reveal material facts and failure to reveal ulterior motives which may affect the court’s reasoning
fails the good faith requirement as well.18

B. Motion to Abandon
Where property is of inconsequential value to the estate, abandonment under § 554,
rather than sale under § 363, is the proper course. On request of a party in interest and after
notice and a hearing, the court may order the trustee to abandon property of the estate that is
burdensome or is of inconsequential value and benefit to the estate.19 The party seeking
abandonment bears the burden of proof.20 The factual determination is within the court’s
discretion.21 Abandonment is appropriate where there is no concrete evidence of value to the
estate.22 The party opposing abandonment must demonstrate the likely benefit to the estate of
retaining the property.23

C. Analysis
1. Sound Business Reason
The Chapter 7 Trustee has not met his burden to prove this proposed sale is based on
sound business judgment. The Trustee testified he is attempting to sell the stock because he
believes he has a fiduciary responsibility to do so. However, he and other witnesses also

18 In re White Crane Trading, Co., Inc., 170 B.R. 694, 705 (Bankr. E.D. Cal. 1994) (purchaser lacked

requisite good faith where parties failed to reveal the proposed sale would violate state consumer protection laws).

19 11 U.S.C. §554(b); In re Alexander, 289 B.R. 711 (B.A.P. 8th Cir. 2003).

20 In re Winsted Memorial Hosp., 249 B.R. 588, 595 (Bankr. D. Conn. 2000).

21 In re Nelson, 251 B.R. 857, 859 (B.A.P. 8th Cir. 2000).

22 See, e.g., id. at 861 (affirming the order compelling abandonment where trustee presents only a
speculative scenario giving rise to value for the bankruptcy estate from two parcels of over-encumbered real
property); In re Thornton, 269 B.R. 682, 685 (Bankr. W.D. Mo. 2001) (granting request for abandonment of
property that would only result in recovery of $1,119.51 to apply toward debtor’s unsecured debt of nearly

23 Nelson, 251 B.R. at 860.

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testified the costs of bringing this sale are extremely high and are rising with each amended
APA. The first APA was a failure and has been amended at least two times. At trial, Prime and
the Trustee revealed a third amendment regarding taxes is forthcoming. Further, the SEC issues
are complex and are not completely understood by the parties advancing the sale. The most
problematic SEC issue is the experts’ opinion the Trustee can not market the stock without
violating SEC law. Both experts warn against publically seeking bidders for the stock, which is
what trustees ordinarily do to obtain value for an estate asset. The SEC expert witnesses could
not agree whether the stock could be sold to seven individuals or must be sold as a block to one
purchaser. The SEC issues only serve to increase the sale costs going forward because both
experts opined the winning bidder will have to provide BBI and FEI certain representations and
a legal opinion regarding its compliance with SEC law. The risks of failing to close the sale are
still high despite the amount of time and money which have already been spent to this point. The
stock’s value is not known. The stock is encumbered. The discretionary dividends only serve to
cover the assets’ associated income tax liabilities. The bid pays off the secured liens, but after
sale costs, the return to unsecured creditors is inconsequential – less than one percent. The
evidence shows a high cost sale with a de minimis return. This result does not support a finding
of good business judgment.

2. Fair Sale Price
The Trustee did not offer evidence of a fair sale price. The stock has not been appraised.
The Trustee and the SEC experts testified the sale could not be marketed or advertised for fear of
violating SEC laws. The Trustee does not have any funds to make a public offering of the stock
to obtain the best possible price. The Trustee testified he has not publicized the sale at all except

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for pleadings he filed and served on creditors. The Trustee testified Prime’s offer is the best
available price because it is the only offer, not because it is the result of extensive marketing or
competitive bidding. The lack of effort to solicit other bids severely undermines the Trustee’s
conclusion regarding a fair sale price. The evidence shows Prime’s bid is based on paying off
the liens and leaving just enough to provide a pittance to distribute to unsecured creditors.24 No
evidence shows the bid is based on the value of the stock.

3. Good Faith Purchaser
Good faith and a fair sale price are necessarily intertwined because if the purchaser acts
in good faith, then the sale procedure should produce fair value. Under the facts of this case, the
proposed sale procedure will not generate fair value. Although structured as an auction, the sale
is not designed to encourage competitive bidding because it will not be marketed. Also,
prospective purchasers do not have access to information regarding the stock’s value. Prime’s
bid is not based on the stock’s actual value. Prime’s bid is based on paying the secured debt in
full and then providing an insignificant dividend to unsecured creditors. If the stock has enough
value to administer, Prime should not have to increase its bid to cover accruing post-petition per
diem interest. Prime should not have to escrow an additional $50,000 to cover the secured
creditors’ attorney fees.25 An adequate equity cushion should cover these expenses. If there is
not an adequate equity cushion, the Trustee should not administer this asset.26

24 Exhibit 74. Elsewhere, Prime argues the shares may be worth in excess of $3 million in book value.
Doc. No. 163 at 1.

25 Secured creditors’ fees have already exceeded $50,000 and may have to be paid from the estate depleting
the already negligible return.

26 See, e.g., Drake v. Franklin Equip. Co., et al. (In re Franklin Equip. Co.), 416 B.R. 483, 530 (Bankr.

E.D. Va. 2009).
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As for arm’s length negotiations, the dealings between Prime and the Trustee are skewed
to create a negligible benefit to unsecured creditors. At trial, the Trustee offered to reduce his
statutory fee instead of requiring Prime to increase its bid to make sure an amount remains after
the sale for distribution to unsecured creditors.27 The statutory trustee fee is a cost of sale which
should be supported by the value recovered after administering the asset. The insufficiency of
the asset’s value to cover the fee is more evidence the asset should not be administered.

Prime argues any recovery for unsecured creditors justifies the sale. However, the issue
is good faith and whether the estate is receiving fair value. Prime suggests BBI and FEI may
exercise their contractual option to purchase the stock before it is sold in the §363 sale.
However, what might happen after the so-called auction is not germane to the good faith and fair
value determination to approve the sale. BBI and FEI are not obligated to buy back the stock,
and they rebuffed the Trustee’s request they make an offer. The Court cannot approve a sale
based on the hope BBI and FEI will exercise their options. The Court must have concrete
evidence of value before it allows the Trustee to incur unnecessary sale costs and to expose the
estate to potential risks.

The Trustee and the stalking horse bidder are too closely aligned. The Trustee’s alliance
with Prime appears to have contributed to his failure to seek or consider other options. While a
stalking horse bidder often does substantive work at its own expense to further a sale motion,
Prime exceeded the norm. Prime prosecuted the Trustee’s motion while the Trustee was in some
measure relegated to a witness called by Prime’s counsel. Prime did not have its own

27 Prime did not offer to forego its 85 percent recovery from the unsecured creditors’ distribution.
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representative testify or even attend the hearing, which further belies Prime’s good faith. Prime
is funding the sale costs which would normally be administrative expenses of the estate; these
include attorney fees, professional fees, and expert fees. Collectively, the evidence weighs
against finding Prime is a good faith purchaser. Regardless of how active and assertive Prime is,
it may not kidnap the process to the exclusion of other interests. This Court “must not blindly
follow the hue and cry of the most vocal special interest groups . . . .”28 This Court considers the
“diverse interests of the debtor, creditors and equity holders, alike[,]” as well as “the
proportionate value of the asset to the estate as a whole.”29

4. Adequate and Reasonable Notice
The Trustee provided adequate and reasonable notice required by §363 and Fed. R.
Bankr. P. 6004 and 2002; however, as noted above, the Trustee has not attempted to seek any
other bidders or generate any interest in this proposed sale outside the creditors’ matrix.

5. Abandonment
The evidence fails to show the stock’s value is consequential to the estate. The stock
constitutes a minority interest in a closely held family business. The stock’s value, whatever it
may be, is generally depreciating under losses caused by the Joplin tornado and historically low
interest rates in place since the 2008 recession. The only numerical evidence of value is Debtor’s
Schedules B and D and the proposed purchase price; neither number was supported by an
appraisal or other independent piece of corrobative evidence. The stock is encumbered by liens

Friedland ed. 2009) (quoting Comm. Of Equity Sec. Holders v. Lionel Corp. (In re Lionel Corp.), 722 F.2d 1063,
1070 (2d Cir. 1983).



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with values hovering just below the offer price. According to the evidence, the cost to sell the
stock includes expert opinion letters, a statutory trustee fee, and the secured lenders’ accruing
interest and attorney fees. The proposed sale to Prime would generate an insignificant dividend
to unsecured creditors, which is estimated to be approximately $27,685 on $3 million of
unsecured claims. A potential distribution of 0.9 percent (less than 1 percent) is of
inconsequential value to the estate, especially since this low return appears to be the best case
scenario for this asset. The Trustee and Prime enjoyed a large “bite of the apple” to carry the
burden that this Court should approve the sale. Considering the lengthy logistical and procedural
history of the case, followed by a three-day trial, the failure to carry this burden does not warrant
a second bite at the apple. A second evidentiary hearing is not warranted. The balance of the
scale tips to the abandonment of the stock and closure of this aspect of the Debtor’s bankruptcy

D. Other Issues
1. Avoidance Actions
Prime and the Trustee failed to demonstrate a possible avoidance action which could
benefit the estate if the Trustee retained the stock. Prime and the Trustee argue against
abandonment because a successful avoidance action against the secured lenders would create a
$1.7 million return to unsecured creditors. Prime argued the Trustee should seek to avoid
Liberty Bank’s and Alden Buerge’s liens by following In re Garrison.30 Garrison found a
shareholders’ agreement, which prohibited shareholders from encumbering their stock without

30 Timberland Bancshares, Inc. v. Garrison (In re Garrison), 462 B.R. 666 (Bankr. W.D. Ark. 2011).
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written consent of all shareholders, prevented the creation of a security interest once the secured
party had knowledge of the restriction. The BBI and FEI SPAs contain a similar restriction, and
Prime alleges Debtor pledged the stock without complying with the SPAs. Garrison determined
the Chapter 7 debtor-borrower relinquished his transfer rights by failing to abide by the
shareholder agreement. Thus, the security interest did not attach, and the lender’s lien could not
be perfected.

A Chapter 7 trustee does not have standing to challenge attachment based on a breach of
a shareholder agreement unless he is a beneficiary of the transfer restriction.31 Transfer
restrictions in shareholder agreements protect the company and the non-transferring
shareholders, not the seller.32 Further, the transfer restriction beneficiaries can waive compliance
by acquiescence in a transfer of the particular stock, by failure to exercise the option within due
time, or by prior dealings or a course of conduct on the part of the stockholder seeking to enforce
the agreement directly inconsistent with a position subsequently taken.

Garrison will not work in this case because it was the corporation, not the Chapter 7
trustee, which successfully avoided the lien. Further, the corporation did not just avoid the lien.
The corporation established the security interest never attached in the first place, which means
the lien never existed to be subject to avoidance later. Attachment is the security interest coming
into existence. Perfection renders a pre-existing security interest effective against third parties.
Failure to perfect means a third party such as a hypothetical lien creditor can execute on the
asset, but failure to perfect does not otherwise affect the security interest or the security

31 Craig v. Union County Bank (In re Crabtree), 48 B.R. 528, 533 n.15 (Bankr. E.D. Tenn. 1985).
32 Blackwell v. Lurie (In re Popkin & Stern), 238 B.R. 146, 150 (B.A.P. 8th Cir. 1999).

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agreement between the parties. In Garrison, the corporation sought a judgment declaring the
lender's security interest in the stock null and void based on its own contract rights within the
shareholders’ agreement. The corporation prevailed in its declaratory judgment action. Oddly,
after finding the lien never attached, Garrison then summarily held the trustee could avoid the
nonexistent lien as unperfected under §544. However, there was no lien to avoid because the
security interest never attached. Stepping into the shoes of the would-be lien holder, the trustee
would have been holding unattached stock, not the avoided, unperfected lien. Thus, the stock
certificates were more simply subject to turnover under §542 as an unencumbered asset of the

In this case, Debtor’s hypothetical judgment lien creditors can not challenge perfection
based on Debtor’s alleged breach of the SPAs’ transfer restrictions and neither can the Trustee.
The secured lenders, Liberty Bank and Alden Buerge, have control over Debtor’s stock. The
non-transferring BBI and FEI shareholders do not object to the pledge. Thus, the security
interest is attached, perfected and not subject to avoidance by third parties such as the Trustee as
a §544 creditor. There is no value to the estate as urged by Prime.

2. SEC Concerns
If the proposed sale could generate value for the estate, a § 363 order would require a
finding the sale is in compliance with nonbankruptcy law. Such a finding would be subject to
appeal, not collateral attack. The Trustee’s and Prime’s attempts to establish SEC compliance
have proven costly and burdensome in relation to the expected return to the estate and expose the
estate to additional risks, which support abandonment.

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3. Standing
Prime questions Debtor’s standing to challenge the Trustee’s sale motion. Again, this
issue is not germane to the decision because the Trustee did not meet his burden to prove a sound
business reason, a fair sale price, or Prime is a good faith purchaser. Alden Buerge, BBI and FEI
had standing to challenge the sale motion. Debtor bore the burden to show abandonment.

4. The $150,000 Offer
Yet another red herring in this case is the nebulous $150,000 offer to abandon the stock
to Debtor. The offer was not officially presented to this Court, and no one offered any
admissible evidence regarding it. Trustee specifically requested the Court to disregard it. The
Trustee’s request is granted.

E. Conclusion
For the foregoing reasons, Debtor’s Motion to Abandon is GRANTED, and the Trustee’s
Motion to Sell is DENIED.

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